## Description

**Introduction to differentiation, integration and matrix algebra**.

**Data Representation and Computer Arithmetic :** Introduction, Concept of Exact and Approximate Numbers, Concept of Significant digits, Representation of Numbers in Memory, Storage of Integer Numbers: Signed Representation, 1’s Complement Representation, 2’s Complement Representation, Floating Point Numbers and their storage, Floating Point Arithmetic, Normalization and their consequences, Errors, Measures of Accuracy: Absolute Error, Relative Error and Percentage Error, Error types: Data Errors, Truncation Errors, Round-Off Errors, Computational Errors, Rules, Relationship between Relative Error and Significant digits and Error Propagation: Error Propagation in Addition Operation, Subtraction Operation, Multiplication Operation and Division Operation.

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**Solution of Non-Linear Equations :** Introduction, Types of Non-Linear Equations: Polynomial Equations, Transcendental Equations, Methods of Finding Solutions of Non- Linear equations: Direct Method, Iterative Method.

Iterative Methods : Bisection Method, False-Position Method, Secant Method, Newton – Raphson Methods, Zeros of a polynomial using Birge – Vieta Method. Convergence of Iterative Methods, Comparison between Iterative Methods.

**Simultaneous Linear Equations :** Solution of Simultaneous Linear Equations using Direct and Iterative Methods: Direct Methods : Gauss – Elimination Method, Gauss-Jordan Method, Concept of Pivoting, Iterative Method : Gauss-Seidal Method.

**Interpolation :** Introduction, Lagrange Interpolation, Inverse Interpolation, Finite Differences: Forward Differences, Backward Differences, Divided Differences, Difference Tables : Forward Difference Table, Backward Difference Table, Divided Difference Table, Observations regarding Difference Tables, Newton’s Method of Interpolation : Newton’ s Forward Difference Interpolation Formula, Newton’ s Backward Difference Interpolation Formula, Newton’ s Divided Difference Interpolation Formula.

**Numerical Integration :** Introduction, Newton-Cotes Integration Formulae: Trapezoidal Rule, Simpson’s 1/3rd Rule, Simpson’s 3/8th Rule.

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**Approximation :** Approximation of functions: Taylor Series Representation, Chebyshev Polynomials.

**Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations :** Introduction, Euler’s Method, Runga–Kutta Methods : 2nd order & 4th order, Predictor Corrector Methods: Modified Euler’s Method.